PV panels convert sunlight into Direct Current (DC).
Inverter then converts Direct Current (DC) into Alternating Current (AC), which then powers home appliances.
If a solar battery is installed, excess energy is stored in the battery. which is used during evening or night time when there is no sun.
4. Utility Meter
A bi-directional meter records import and export energy, these readings are shown in electricity bills.
5. Utility Grid
Any excess energy is pushed out to the grid. Electricity retailer may pay feed in tariff for exported electricity.